A major skill that is learned in this course is how to critically read and critique nursing research articles. The purpose for critiquing an article is to critically evaluate the research process followed by the author(s) of the assigned article.
A major skill that is learned in this course is how to critically read and critique nursing research articles. The purpose for critiquing an article is to critically evaluate the research process followed by the author(s) of the assigned article. This is an information-intensive time-intensive process that is not learned overnight. To demonstrate your skill at critiquing an article you will complete this open-book multiple choice assignment.
Heres how you should approach completing this weeks assignment to finish critiquing an article:
1. First do your assigned reading in Grove Gray and Burns (2015) and complete the reading worksheets early in the week. This will introduce you to the critique skills you will need for the week.
2. Skim the entire instructor assigned research article that has been posted on Blackboard for you so that you will have an idea of what it is about. Lightly cross out the abstract for the article (you wont be using it). Then for this week re-read carefully the methods results discussion implications and conclusions sections of the article again.
3. Print this document and find the best answer to each question below based on your Grove Gray and Burns (2015) assigned reading for the week and what you have read in the instructor assigned research article.
4. Some of the questions in the critique assignment below will seem unfamiliar to you. Look up key terms from the question in your textbook. Some examples of these terms might be: power analysis inter-rater reliability and generalization. You can also look in Chapter 12 for an example of a critical appraisal (or critique) of a quantitative research article.
5. Once you have completed this assignment on paper go into blackboard and enter your answers by the assignment due date and time listed in the syllabus. Ignore any wording from Blackboard that indicates that this is a test and carefully enter your answers from this document.
6. You will have two access attempts to record your answers. This is given to you so that if you encounter technical difficulties on your first attempt you will have another attempt to enter your answers successfully.
If you have questions about this assignment you can post them to your group discussion board for help. Please do not post the exact question from the assignment below and ask the group for the answer as this would constitute academic dishonesty.
Questions 1 9: Sample. (For help with these questions refer to chapters: 9 & 12)
1. What sampling method or plan was used by the authors in this study?
a. simple random sampling
b. systematic sampling
c. convenience sampling
d. network sampling
e. none of the above
2. According to Grove Gray and Burns (2015) what are the potential biases of this sampling method?
a. this is a strong probability sampling method with very little potential for bias
b. this method is used when an ordered list of all members of the population are available and
provides a random but not equal chance for inclusion in the study.
c. this method provides little opportunity to control for bias because subjects are included in
the study merely because they happen to be in the right place at the right time.
d. this method is specific to the individuals who were recruited and the information gained
cannot be generalized to others who dont share these types of experiences.
e. none of the above biases best describe the sampling method chosen by the author.
3. What was the final sample size reported by the authors for this study?
4. Was a power analysis conducted? If so which statement best describes the results of the power analysis?
a. The authors indirectly mention that a power analysis was conducted by describing the desired effect size alpha and power desired.
b. The authors mention that a power analysis was conducted and 193 subjects were
determined to be needed for the study.
c. The authors do not report that a power analysis was conducted.
5. Which of these statements would be considered to be an inclusion criterion for the sample in the research article? (select all that apply).
a. The author did not report inclusion criteria.
b. Older than 18 years old.
c. First time clinical presentation of stroke.
d. Satisfactory cognitive function as recorded on the Scandinavian Stroke Scale
6. Which of these statements would be considered to be an exclusion criterion for the sample in the research article?
a. The patient is cognitively incompetent.
b. The patient has satisfactory cognitive function determined by the Scandinavian Stroke Scale.
c. First time clinical presentation of stroke.
d. The author did not report exclusion criteria.
7. What is the refusal rate for this study? (Hint: see page 253 in your text)
a. 125/152 X 100% = 82%
b. The authors did not report an acceptance rate.
c. 27/152 X 100% = 18%
8. Which of the following would be accurate for the attrition rate for this study?
a. 19/119 X 100% = 16%
b. 100/119 X 100% = 84%
c. 125/152 X 100% = 82%
d. There is no attrition rate recorded for this study because it is a cross-sectional study.
9. What was the setting for this research study? Briefly describe the setting and indicate whether it was appropriate for conducting this study.
a. The setting for this study was a natural or field setting and was appropriate for this studys research design.
b. The setting for this study was a partially controlled setting and was appropriate for this studys research design.
c. The setting for this study was a highly controlled setting and was appropriate for this studys research design.
d. The setting for this study was not well described by the authors and therefore not appropriate for conducting this study.
Question 10 14: Measurement Methods. (For help with these questions refer to chapters 10 & 12.)