A nurse receives a report at the beginning of the shift that one of the clients has a long history

of drug abuse, uses prostitution to support her drug addiction, and has lost custody of her four

children. The nurse’s most appropriate initial action during the pre-orientation phase of the

relationship should be to:

A. Assist the patient in changing her value system.

B. Examine her/his own feelings and anxieties with regard to the patient.

C. Review the literature pertaining to the drug addiction.

D. Attempt to identify the underlying reasons for the patient’s apparent lack of values.