If a marketing manager segments the market into culture-oriented, sports-oriented,

If a marketing manager segments the market into culture-oriented, sports-oriented, or outdoor-oriented groups, he or she is segmenting on the basis of ________.
Student Answer: personality
behavioral occasions
user status
psychographic lifestyle
readiness stage

2. Question : ________ is composed of all parties who participate in the purchasing decision-making process and share common goals and risks associated with their decisions.
Student Answer: The buying center
The marketing sales team
Strategic management
Engineering support
The logistics center

3. Question : In order to successfully develop customer reference stories, firms should ________.
Student Answer: state the customer’s needs in compelling terms
use very few direct customer quotes
avoid referencing the barriers to satisfying customer needs
describe the company’s solution in terms of products and services

focus on qualitative results

4. Question : If a buyer is loyal to two or three different brands of soap, this buyer’s loyalty status can be described as being among the ________.
Student Answer: switchers
shifting loyals
split loyals
hard-core loyals

5. Question : Which of the following methods may be used by buyers to review the performance of chosen suppliers?
Student Answer: The buyer may contact the end users and ask for their evaluations.

The buyer may rate the supplier on several criteria using a weighted-score method.

The buyer might aggregate the cost of poor performance to come up with adjusted costs of purchase, including price.

All of the above
None of the above

6. Question : Which of the following statements about market segmentation is true?
Student Answer: It involves changing the identity of a product, relative to the identity of competing products, in the collective minds of the target market.

It is a process of evaluating each segment’s attractiveness and selecting one or more to enter.

It is a process of creating an image or identity of the product in the minds of the target market.

It is a process of identifying and profiling distinct groups of buyers who differ in their needs and wants.

It is the quality of how marketers go to market with the goal of optimizing their spending to achieve good results.

7. Question : Business buyers are ultimately purchasing solutions to two problems: the organization’s economic and strategic problem and ________.
Student Answer: their own personal need for individual achievement and reward
the community’s continued health and well-being
the fulfillment of the company’s social impact goals
to maximize overall firm performance
none of the above

8. Question : The ________ consists of all the organizations that acquire goods and services used in the production of other products or services that are sold, rented, or supplied to others.
Student Answer: business market
consumer market
e-commerce market
global market
supplier market

9. Question : Procter & Gamble has many soap brands. One reason for this is that soap users tend to group together in terms of preferences such as bleaching action, softness, stain removal, et cetera. Which of the following preferences pattern would most likely apply to P&G’s method of response to market needs?
Student Answer: Homogeneous preferences
Diffused preferences
Clustered preferences
Psychological preferences
Cultural preferences

10. Question : According to PRIZM, the ________ cluster is characterized as being in their late forties and fifties, college-educated, upper-middle-class homeowners that married late and are still raising children in comfortable suburban subdivisions and are still pursuing kid-centered lifestyles?
Student Answer: Cosmopolitans
Beltway Boomers
Young Digerati
Winner’s Circle
Old Milltowns

11. Question : The purchasing department buys office supplies on a routine basis. This type of purchase is classified as a ________.
Student Answer: straight rebuy
modified rebuy
new task
secondary purchase
preordained purchase

12. Question : The ________ market consists of schools, hospitals, nursing homes, prisons, and other institutions that must provide goods and services to people in their care.
Student Answer: vertical
secondary business

13. Question : ________ is a key industrial marketing strategy in bidding to build large-scale industrial products (e.g., dams, pipelines, et cetera).
Student Answer: Systems contracting
Systems buying
Systems selling
Solutions buying
Turnkey logistics

14. Question : If Ampex Support Systems is the single supplier for a local manufacturing company’s MRO (maintenance, repair, operating) supplies and needs, Ampex Support Systems is considered as providing ________ for the manufacturer.
Student Answer: systems buying
purchasing support
turnkey logistics
decision support
systems contracting

15. Question : In the proposal solicitation process, ________ should be marketing documents that describe value and benefits in customer terms.
Student Answer: written proposals
oral proposals
alliance proposals
global proposals

16. Question : Many business buyers prefer to buy a total solution to a problem from one seller. ________ is the correct term for this process.
Student Answer: Channel consolidation
Systems buying
Vertical buying
Horizontal buying
Supply buying

17. Question : Mothers-to-be are potential users who will turn into heavy users of infant products and services. By targeting mothers-to-be as future heavy users, producers of these products and services are segmenting consumers on the basis of ________.
Student Answer: usage rate
buyer-readiness stage
loyalty status
user status

18. Question : ________ is the strategic coordination of economic, psychological, political, and public relations skills, to gain the cooperation of a number of parties in order to enter or operate in a given market.
Student Answer: Metamarketing
Modular marketing

19. Question : Webster and Wind define ________ as the decision-making process by which formal organizations establish the need for purchased products and services and identify, evaluate, and choose among alternative brands and suppliers.
Student Answer: marketing channels
organizational buying
demand-oriented buying
inventory control

20. Question : A behavioral segmentation method related to the Conversion Model is the Gravity of Decision Spectrum. On the shallow end of the spectrum, consumers seek products and services they think will ________.
Student Answer: make them appear more wealthy than they are
help them save face in publicly visible situations
reinforce their emotional stability
align with their core values and beliefs
save them time, effort, and money