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Section I. Practice Setting and Care Issue
A: Problem Identification
The first step in developing a research utilization project is identifying a work setting problem that lends itself to a research-based solution.
Once you identify the problem area, you will need to describe it. Clearly indicate the problem, including a description of what is currently being done.
B: Importance of the Problem
Even the most basic research utilization project costs money, time, and energy to plan, implement, and evaluate. Therefore, the project needs to be sufficiently important to justify the time, cost, and energy involved. It is best not to presume that others who read your project proposal will know why it is important to solve a specific problem. Also, there may be others who are not health care professionals reading your proposal and perhaps making a decision about whether to support it with money or time, so be sure to give clear reasons.
Support for your problem idea can be from local, state, regional, national or international sources. Examples of those sources include the Institute of Medicine, the American Hospital Association, The Joint Commission, NCQA, professional organizations, or specialty organizations.
Discuss the relevance and importance of resolving this problem. It can be helpful as well to discuss why the problem is an important one to resolve at this time, rather than waiting until some future date.
C: Brief of Solution with Rationale Recommendation for Change
It is helpful to have brief information at the beginning of the proposal about the problem and the solution you are proposing to resolve the problem. This information provides the lens for readers to have some idea of what the project is about and is especially
important to readers who are not in your specialty area or perhaps not even involved in health care.
A: Research Summary and Support
The main purpose of this section is to provide a summary of the research reports that support your project solution. The solution you are proposing to address the problem you identified in Section I and needs to have a strong research base to convince others it is the best solution to the problem. You need to connect the research to your recommendation showing that you have synthesized as well as summarized the information in each reference.
Anyone who reads your summaries should have all the information needed to make a decision about the overall scientific merit of each study. You should have 4-5 quality sources/articles/studies to support your proposal. Use a separate header (Level 3) for each course and include the following for each:
o Title of Article o Authors and purpose of the research o Research questions and/or Hypotheses o Results o Recommendations o Rationale for including the study and how it supports or does not support your solution or recommendation
B. Recommendation – Synthesis and Integration
The purpose of this section is for you to provide readers with an overview of the solution you will be proposing to address the problem or issue you described in Section I. You will be letting the readers of your proposal know that the solution is based on research, rather than just an idea you have and that it is a practical one.
Provide a brief description about the way(s) in which the solution is consistent with the research base of support.
This purpose of this section is to make it clear to readers that your solution is evidencebased and that the evidence you are using is based on valid research study findings.
Letting readers know in this first section that the solution you are proposing has quite a bit of thought behind it allows them to see that you have already devoted time and energy to this project and that this is not just “an idea” you have.
Critical elements for this section include: