Purpose and Directions:   This 40-point written assignment will involve reflection of basic knowledge of healthcare finance, policy, and regulation with provided resources with a focused application to a given patient scenario.  The impact of sociocultural healthcare delivery and practice and the influence of legal, economic, and political factors will need to be addressed. The nursing role of healthcare advocacy for a client will need to be discussed.  The APA style written paper will include 4 sections: 1) Patient Capsule; 2) Overview of Healthcare policy, finance, and regulation; 3) Application to the scenario; 4) Summary of how healthcare interventions could address disparities and the use of the client advocacy.

I want citations because I will like to know where the material is coming from.

Each question should be 3 paragraphs each


  1. Patient Capsule (5 points)
    • a summary of the significant patient assessments from the scenario provided (including health literacy),

Patient capsule will inform the reader of the client situation and nursing concerns for the provision of health care. The patient capsule will include, 

  • a summary of the healthcare goals appropriate for this client
  • identification of at least 2 areas where teaching might improve patient outcomes, health goals and health literacy


  1. Overview of healthcare policy, finance, and regulation (10 points)

The overview of healthcare policy, finance and regulation section will address a generic overview of how current healthcare policies, finance, and regulation are considered in any patient.  This will include definitions and examples from the local, state, and federal levels (such as, managed care, Medicare, Medicaid, Healthy People 2020, Affordable Care Act, private insurance, American Indian options, health care disparities—refer to the resources provided)


  1. Application of healthcare policy, finance, and regulation specifically to the scenario client (15 points)

Application involves a reflection of the chronic health conditions, sociocultural disparities and healthcare needs identified from the client capsule.  Explain the factors that will influence the patient’s health goals and how these could be addressed (such as referrals to local/bedside, state, and federal agencies, and teaching interventions).  This will be a combination of the patient needs with the resources identified in the overview section.


  1. Summary of how health care interventions could be completed to advocate for this client and remove disparities identified (10 points)

The summary section asks the student to define advocacy and reflect on how the nurse uses advocacy to benefit the patient (use resources and education, as well), specific to healthcare policy, finance and regulation and the best method of health care delivery for this patient.


Review the case study scenario below as you are caring for the patient in your clinical setting and synthesize how health care policies, finance and regulatory guidelines influence how you provide care and care delivery.  Identify and discuss the challenges this patient experiences in managing her chronic conditions.  Think about your role as a nurse and the challenges you may encounter as you deliver care.  Discuss how you could influence healthcare policies that can affect patients, families, within the health care system. Suggest a possible solution that you could propose at the local, state, and national level that would address this patient’s challenges in managing her chronic health conditions and healthcare disparities and needs.


Resources: There are many, many links you can access, but here are a few to refresh your understanding of the concepts and topics. Some of the link may not work, however, use Google to look up any of the subjects.


Medicaid – You Tube Video

Medicare Video -You Tube

Articles/Online links (there are many, many links you can access, but here are a few)

  1. The Kaiser Family Foundation:   https://www.kff.org 
  2. Center for Disease Control:  https://CDC.gov   or  CDC – Director for Healthcare Policy link
  3. Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services CMS-Medicare & Medicaid Service link
  4. NIH site link for Healthcare policy and economics  NIH links to HC policy and economics
  5. Indian Health Services Overview & Links
  6. WIsconsin Heathy People 2020-Healthcare disparities
  7. Commonwealth fund site–to promote better health care
  8. Obama, B. (2016). United States Healthcare Reform (PDF Article) Healthcare reform (Obama-2016) link
  9. Ubri, P. and Artiga, S. (2016). Disparities in health and health care: Five key questions and answers. (PFD)  Disparities in Healthcare link to pdf
  10. Medicare explained (PDF)  Medicare Explanation link
  11. Medicaid explained (PDF)  Medicaid Explanation Link


Case Study Scenario:

Susan Littlebear is a 62-year old American Indian female who was brought in to the hospital by the ambulance service after she called 911. She was admitted to the medical floor with pneumonia, shortness of breath, and fever.  She has a long- standing history of diabetes and chronic renal failure. On admission, Susan complained of fever, chills, and fatigue for 4 days. She normally receives hemodialysis Monday, Wednesdays, and Fridays. Susan states she “felt too sick to leave the house and couldn’t find a ride anyway.” The dialysis center is a 90-minute drive from her rural home in Merrillan, Wisconsin.  Susan also has peripheral neuropathy which limits her ability to be active.  She currently complains of frequent nausea and vomiting, secondary to gastroparesis.  She appears malnourished.  Susan has had seven hospital admissions in the last year, with the most recent admission one month ago due to hyperkalemia and fluid volume overload.  Susan has received the series of two COVID vaccinations, however, she hasn’t received the booster because her neighbor’s niece’s husband tells Susan that he knows many people who have become ill after receiving the booster.


Assessments: BP 162/90; HR 118; RR: 26; T: 38.2 Oral, SpO2 91% on 2L/minute Nasal Cannula; Capillary blood glucose is 271 mg/dl; A1C: 9.9%, Hemoglobin 10.3 g/dL

Lungs: crackles bilaterally

Abdomen: hypoactive bowel sounds; Extremities: +2 pitting edema and diffuse anasarca. 

Skin: Stage II sacral ulcer, Stage I right and left non healing heel ulcer, Stage I right elbow non healing ulcer.


Medical History

  1. Chronic renal failure being treated 3 times a week. He must travel one hour to a dialysis center.
  2. Diabetes Mellitus Type II, since age 30
  3. Peripheral neuropathy lower extremities and fingertips
  4. Gastroparesis with dysphagia and nausea and vomiting
  5. HTN with aggressive medical management
  6. Anemia of chronic disease


Social-Cultural History:  Susan lives in an apartment in rural Merrillan, Wisconsin.  She is an active member of the Ho-Chunk Nation which is a federally recognized Indian tribe.  She is divorced and lives alone.  She does not drive due to poor vision.  She has 2 children: a son and a daughter.  Her son lives 30 miles from her, and the daughter lives out of state.  Susan primarily relies on her son to drive her to dialysis, but at times needs to have a neighbor drive her to dialysis. 



  1. NPH insulin 40 Units at 0700 and 36 units at 1900   
  2. Novolin R-regular Insulin QID per accu-check values
  3. Reglan 10 mg TID po 30 minutes before meals
  4. Lasix 40 mg po BID 
  5. Lisinopril 40 mg po QD 
  1. Neurontin 300mg po TID 
  2. Nephrocaps one QD in am
  3. Phosphajel 30 cc po Q 4hr
  4.  Ca Carbonate 1 Gram po BID
  5.  Calciferol 12,000 IU po QD


  1. Sodium 134
  2. Potassium 5.8
  3. Hgb 10.3
  4. Leukocytes 15,150
  1. Cr 4.8
  2. BUN 92
  3. Glucose 271
  4. Chest X-ray- bilateral infiltrates














NURS 382 Healthcare Policy, Finance and Regulation Grading Rubric

Due Date:  Last day to turn in this assignment to your clinical instructor Friday, April 22, 2022, or earlier if designated by your clinical professor.

Point Value:  40 points




Needs further development


Not addressed

Client capsule

(5 pts)

Completely encompassed the client’s health situation and concerns:  a) significant assessments, b) healthcare goals, and c) identified 2 or more areas that may require of teaching 

Completed, but lacks details and/or depth into the client’s health situation and/or concerns: a) significant assessments, b) health care goals, and c) identified 2 areas of teaching needs   

Completed, but significant gaps in the client’s health situation and/or concerns:  a) significant assessments, b) healthcare goals, and c) identified at least 2 areas of teaching needs

Poorly completed client capsule.   Either lacks one of the 3 required areas or significant health issues/learning needs have been missed

5 pts

3 pts

2 pts

0-1 pts

Overview of healthcare policy, finance and regulation

(10 pts)


Current healthcare policy, finance and regulation are thoroughly discussed with appropriate definitions and examples of each are included and include citations (minimum of 6 definitions); 

Current healthcare policy, finance and regulation are thoroughly discussed with appropriate definitions and examples of each are included and include citations (minimum of 6 definitions)

Current healthcare policy, finance and healthcare discussion lacking in some of the areas (minimum of 6 is required) or lacks the depth, accuracy of the definitions and/or citations.

Poor discussion of healthcare policy, finance and healthcare discussion (number of definitions, inaccurate content or examples)


8 – 10 pts

6-7.5  pts

4.0 – 5.5 pts

< 4 pts 

Application to scenario client

(15 pts)

Application of the healthcare policies, finance and regulation topics are accurately and thoroughly related to the scenario client situation 

Application of the healthcare policies, finance and regulation topics to the client lacks detail, accuracy or connection

Application of the healthcare policies, finance and regulation topics to the client contain multiple inaccuracies or lacks depth

Poor discussion of how healthcare policies, finance and regulation topics relate to the client scenario (errors, inaccuracies, lacks depth or connection)

13 – 15 pts

10.0 – 12.5 pts

6.0 – 9.5 pts

< 6.0 pts

Summary of health care interventions with use of advocacy

 (10 pts)

Summary of heath care interventions is thorough, inclusive and uses advocacy as a tool.  Advocacy is defined and used correctly 

Summary of heath care interventions is missing some items, use of advocacy is unclear or not defined correctly 

Summary of heath care interventions is poorly developed and/or does not define or use advocacy correctly 

Summary of heath care interventions is not completed and/or advocacy is not defined or described. 

 8 – 10 pts

6 – 7.5 pts

4.0 – 5.5 pts

< 4 pts

Your Score:

1 pt.1

0.5 pt.

0.25 pt.

0 pt.


That is Each question is to be 3 paragraphs  of 800 each